The $1.9 trillion stimulus package is unlikely to pass in its current form.
Just before his inauguration, President Biden proposed a sweeping $1.9 trillion economic package to aid families and businesses through the pandemic. The plan includes direct payments of $1,400 to individuals, a weekly $400 federal unemployment supplement to begin when the previous $300 supplement expires, provisions for rental assistance, low-interest loans for small businesses and a national vaccine distribution program.
Republican resistance to the size of the package means Democrats will likely have to use the budget reconciliation process to pass the stimulus; this would require 51 votes in the Senate as opposed to 60 (Democrats currently hold 50 seats in the Senate, with Vice President Kamala Harris the deciding vote in any tie). But Clifton warns that the budget reconciliation process is very restrictive, used only to pass taxes and mandatory spending, which would mean other provisions that are currently rolled into the package – such as an increase the federal minimum wage – would likely be cut.
In any case, it’s very likely that some form of stimulus will be passed in the first quarter. “From a legislative perspective, the economic aid package is the top priority of the Biden administration,” Clifton says.
Some tax increases will face more resistance than others.
President Biden’s stimulus measures, along with the spending he plans to do on infrastructure and climate change, are expected to be offset by tax increases on high earners. One of the taxes in the crosshairs in the capital gains tax. During his campaign, Biden advocated for taxing long-term capital gains and qualified dividends at the ordinary income tax rate of 39.6% – up from 23.8% – on income above $1 million. Historically, a major increase in the capital gains rate has had detrimental effects on capital growth, which is why the rate hasn’t moved above 30% since 1978.
Clifton says that if a capital gains increase does get passed, it’ll be in the range of 25% to 28% and likely won’t be on the table until the economy begins to stabilize in the second half of the year, giving investors time to work with their wealth managers on planning. Clifton also recommends investors pay attention to possible increases in the estate tax and says there’s a low probability of any tax increase being retroactive to January 1.
Investors should diversify and look for new pockets of opportunity.
One trend that will continue to become more important as the year progresses is the importance of diversification. “We are seeing the markets broaden out,” says Grohowski. For the 10 years ending December 31, he says, the annualized return of the S&P 500 was about 14%, which meant investors could put money into an ETF or index fund that replicated the S&P 500 and expect a very good return. But the trends influencing the market are shifting. “I think diversification is going to be important. I think some exposure to commodities will be important. And for those who can afford it, exposure to the private markets.”
Finally, investors may benefit by paying attention to sectors that are poised to do well under the new administration. Clifton points to healthcare as one such opportunity, due to a few factors: 1) There will be more COVID-19 spending, which ultimately benefits companies; 2) It’s looking less likely the Democrats are going to create a public option to compete against the private sector; 3) It’s looking more likely the Democrats will push for expanding the Affordable Care Act, which is actually good for the market. “The market was so worried in 2020 about Democrats winning and what they’d mean for markets. And yet healthcare one of the best performing sectors since the Georgia election,” he says.
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